20 year study on psychological impact of gene testing

In the background of the mounting negative publicity agianst consumer gene testing companies. Navigenics is teaming up with Scripps reseacrh institute to study how such tests affect patient behavior.

This is a long time study, over 20 years. with help from Affymetrix to Scan, Navigenics to interpret and offer life style guidance and the Microsoft HealthVault will be the place where participants can enter information and share it as they see fit with physicians

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Entire Genome Sequencing from Single Molecule DNA

Cambridge based Helicos Bioscience announced the publication of a report in Science Magazine demonstrating the first single molecule sequencing of an organism (M13 virus genome) examining more than 280,000 strands of captured DNA.

Helicos’ uses a proprietary form of sequencing-by-synthesis called True Single Molecule Sequencing(tSMS)™. Unlike other methods, the technique builds up the sequence of each strand of DNA one base at a time.

Searching Through DNA – Impact of new genetics technologies in American Life

One of the reader had posted a question about my earlier post on genetics of Transplant Organ Rejection so this post is a part answer to her comment, I choose the title american way of life as my first post in 2008 is not mine but an interesting article from Newyork Times

A good article about what can we expect from genomics in clinical decision making and therapeutics

Cryptography with DNA binary strands

Biotechnological methods can be used for cryptography. DNA binary strands can be used for steganography to provide rapid encryption and decryption. It is shown that DNA steganography based on DNA binary strands is secure under the assumption that an interceptor has the same technological capabilities as sender and receiver of encrypted messages.

I thought this as an interesting article since my last post was about DNA based security

http://www.cs.mun.ca/~banzhaf/molcomp.html

AUTHORS: Andre Leier, Christoph Richter, Wolfgang Banzhaf and Hilmar Rauhe

SOURCE: BioSystems, 57 (2000) 13 – 22,Extended Manuscript from 6th DIMACS Workshop on DNA Computing, Leiden, 2000

AUTHORS: Andre Leier, Christoph Richter, Wolfgang Banzhaf and Hilmar Rauhe

DNA-based security solutions to Prevent fraud and theft

Applied DNA Solutions is NewYork company that offers DNA-based security solutions to Prevent fraud and theft

Applied DNA Sciences’ technology has been utilized to successfully mark nearly 1 billion items including DVDs and CDs, fine art, prestige wine, luxury and personal care goods botanical DNA encryption, embedment and authentication solutions that can help protect companies, governments and consumers from counterfeiting, fraud, piracy, product diversion, identity theft, and unauthorized intrusion into physical locations and databases.

ADNAS uses DNA segments from one or more botanical sources, rearrange them into unique encrypted sequences, and then implement one or more layers of anti-counterfeit techniques

MIT team discovers new DNA modification in bacteria acting as DNA Bookmark

Researchers from MIT have discovered that bacterial genes, known as the dnd gene cluster, gives bacteria the ability to employ DNA modification by adding sulfur to the sugar-phosphate DNA backbone as a phosphorothioate,

The same method used in laboratories worldwide to modify synthetic oligonucleotide.Why would bacteria conserve this system which requires five enzymes, each with different co-factors?”

Peter Dedon says the modification system might serve as either protection against foreign (unmodified) DNA, or as a “bookmark” to assist with transcription or replication of DNA.

New Microarray technology replacing PCR and speed up HTS

Dr. Richard Gibbs, director of the Baylor College of Medicine Human Genome Sequencing Centre and his researchers along with the help of  NimbleGen Systems the  company recently acquired by Roche Applied Science has developed a new technique that combines gene chip technology with the latest generation of gene sequencing machines to allow fast and accurate sequencing of selected parts of the genome

 The technology, called “sequence capture,” enables fast and accurate enrichment of thousands of selected genomic regions, either contiguous or dispersed, such as segments of chromosomes or all genes or exons uses , The study had uses NimbleChip™ microarrays in preparation for a high-throughput 454 Sequencing™.

The study Direct Selection of Human Genomic Loci by Microarray Hybridization presented on October 10, 2007, at the J. Craig Venter Institute’s Genomes, Medicine, and the Environment (GME) conference, Roche NimbleGen and 454 Life Sciences, working with Dr. Richard , will create a whole-genome human exome (all exons) microarray, with the goal of resequencing the entire human exome faster and cheaper.

Till now researchers relied upon PCR for selection of specific genomic regions for resequencing

Limitations of PCR  meant the length of sequence it can amplify was small, is difficult to scale or multiplex for the enrichment of thousands of fragments, and has limited performance in the repetitive regions typical of complex genomes, such as human.

The sequence capture microarray technology bridges the gap between next-generation DNA sequencing technology and current sample preparation methods by providing an adaptable, massively parallel method for selective enrichment of genomic regions of interest.

The new process is simpler, more accurate and efficient than the multiplex PCR . In one experiment, more than 6,400 exons (the part of the genetic code that carries the instructions for making proteins), were analyzed. Using the old technology this would have taken at least six months.

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