Novartis, Pfizer, and Eli Lilly partner for new clinical trial software platform

57% Americans would be interested in participating in a clinical trial. However, most clinical studies struggles to recruit sufficient patients. The issue has attracted a number or software as well contract service firms that specialize in clinical trial recruitment, even using social medial tools. Then there is long going debate and efforts for integrating EHR data into clinical trial and identifying potential suitable target population of patients directly from de-identified EHR data

In order to connect patients and researchers, Novartis, Pfizer and Eli Lilly and Company, are partnering in the U.S. to provide a new platform to improve access to information about clinical trials. The platform will enhance clinicaltrials.gov and is expected to be launched by early 2014 with a database of about 50 clinical research studies from the participating companies.

The new platform will provide more detailed and patient-friendly information about the trials, including a machine readable “target health profile” to improve the ability of healthcare software to match individual health profiles to applicable clinical trials.

As part of the project, patients can search for trials using their own Blue Button data. To preserve data privacy de-identified Blue Button data, used only as an “index to search,” will not be stored anywhere outside of the patient’s application.

Other sponsors of clinical research studies may upload information about their trials, while software companies develop tools to deliver this information to interested patients.

India announce new formula for compensating death during clinical trials

 India has released formula to determine quantum of compensation in cases of SAEs of deaths occurring during clinical trials

The formula is available at (http://www.cdsco.nic.in/formula2013SAE.pdf)

The Guideline is available at (http://www.cdsco.nic.in/compention.pdf)

As per the new rule the compensation is calculated as

Compensation = B * F * R/99.37

Here, B = Base amount (Rounded) which is fixed as INR 800000. This base amount has been fixed with consideration of minimum wages act.

F = Factor depending on the age of the subject as per the Annexure given, which is based on Workmen Compensation Act.

R = Risk factor depending on the seriousness and severity of the disease, presence of co – morbidity and duration of disease of the subject at the time of enrolment in the clinical trial between a scale of 0.5 to 4.0 as under:
0.50 – Terminally ill patient (Expected survival not more than 6 months)
1.0 – Patient with high risk (Expected survival between 6 to 24 months)
2.0 – Patient with moderate risk (Moderate risk if not defined)
3.0 – Patient with mild risk (Mild risk is not defined)
4.0 – Healthy volunteers or subject of no risk

Here, 99.37 is the factor for age 65 in the table of worksmen compensation act. The concept used is that the base amount INR 8,00,000 should refer to the age of 65 years which corresponds to factor 99.37.

Thus, considering an example:
If the age of the subject is 30 years, the factor F as per the factor given in the table comes to 207.98
If the subject is Healthy, R = 4.0
Thus,
Compensation = 8,00,000 * 207.98 * 4.0 / 99.37 = 6,697,554/-

However, in case of patients whose expected mortality is 90% or more within 30 days, a fixed amount of INR. 200000 should be given.

If calculations are done, the compensation amounts range from Rs. 400,000 to a maximum of Rs. 7,360,000 depending on the following factors:
a) Age
b) Risk factor

The CDSCO has still not released any clarity on the calculation of compensation amount in case of clinical trial related injury (Which does not progress to death)

Content from email by: SenseCR

Clinical Research Sites Struggle With Increasing Trial Complexity yet most depend on, Google (or other search sites) as the primary information tool

A new survey of 500+ clinical research site professionals outlines the  impact of complex, clinical trials in clinical trial sites. The survey focused on 3-year trial trends and found key challenges in subject recruitment/retention and tracking and reporting data. Increased complexity also impacted trial financials– especially negotiating contracts and managing profitability.

The December, 2010 survey was conducted among investigators, study coordinators and other clinical site professionals from large organizations, such as Mayo Clinic and Johns Hopkins, hospitals like Rush Presbyterian and the Hospital for Sick Children, as well as multi-specialty and private practices. Clinical Research Site Training (CRST), conducted the survey.

Analysis of the survey findings shows that

  • 66% of large organizations report an increase in trials conducted
  • 60% of trial sites report increasing difficulty in managing trial profitability
  • 40% report increasing difficulty in recruiting and retaining subjects
  • Training remains a major issue, even though over 50% report an increase in training
  • 80%+ of nurses want more QA training
  • 60%+ of all respondents want more FDA Audits training

The survey also explored sites’ Web use for work information. In spite of increased specialized Web content about the clinical research site “world”, awareness and usage were both relatively low.

  • Google (or other search sites) was the primary information tool
  • Only the NIH and Clinical Trial Network sites have over 50% awareness among all site professionals
  • Usage of major specialized sites averaged less than 40% for nurses and less than 20% for doctors

CRST suggest that clinical research sites should:

  • Increase training on financial management, site QA, subject recruitment/retention and FDA inspections;
  • Manage the convergence of increased and more complex trials by improving both new staff recruitment and experienced staff retention;
  • Reach out on the Web for new/improved ways of working from both formal information sites and clinical research site communities.”

Full results of the survey are available on the CRST website www.crstnet.com

Contacts

CRST
Lester Levine, 484-798-7503
President
Fax: 215-477-2522
lester.levine@crstnet.com

 

 

AstraZeneca Announce Real-World Evidence Data Collaboration

AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals LP (NYSE: AZN) and HealthCore, Inc., the health outcomes research subsidiary of WellPoint, Inc. (NYSE: WLP), announced a collaborative agreement to conduct real-world studies designed to determine how to most effectively and economically treat disease

Unlike controlled clinical trials, real-world evidence studies use observational data such as electronic medical records, claims information and patient surveys. By examining data associated with the delivery of care, real-world analyses can assess treatment impact on hospital length of stay, readmissions, overall health status, cost of care and other key evidence-based outcomes.

A leader in health outcomes research, HealthCore maintains the largest data environment in the nation. HealthCore’s near real-time, fully-integrated data environment combines medical, pharmacy, laboratory results and other information drawn from 36 million enrollees in local Blue Cross and/or Blue Shield plans with concentrated populations in 16 states.

 

PharmaNet unveils touch screen capable data capture platform for Phase I Clinical Trials

The implementation of this platform enables rapid study set-up, automated CRF generation and better study recruitment and communication tools for general and special populations. Mobile workstations allow for rapid data entry and data is captured directly using bar codes and interfaces to medical equipment, such as blood pressure monitors. The Initiator platform also interfaces with the Company’s LIMS, as well as its diagnostic laboratory software and investigational drug management system.

Detailed PR available at PharmNet website

http://phx.corporate-ir.net/phoenix.zhtml?c=234619&p=irol-newsArticle&ID=1506686&highlight=

 

Sanofi-Aventis ties up with Oxford Univ for oncology research in India

Sanofi-Aventis and Oxford University have entered into an agreement with INDOX, an academic oncology network to conduct oncology clinical and translation research in India.

The company said that through this partnership, Sanofi-Aventis will have access to experience and expertise of India’s top oncologists which will help the company in conducting clinical research. “The collaboration between sanofi-aventis, Oxford University and the Indian Cancer Centers fosters a model for academic researchers and industry to work together for the benefit of patients,” said Debasish Roychowdhury, MD, Senior Vice President, Head of Oncology, sanofi-aventis.

Sanofi-Aventis said that the company will provide financial assistance to Oxford University to manage INDOX’s eigh cancer reseach centres in India. The university, on its part, will provide training and support to investigators and reseach coordinators to help in carrying out the research.

INDOX is a partnership between Oxford University and India’s top eight cancer research centres in India.

trends in the life sciences and pharma research and development outsourcing (RDO)

Vicki Phelan, Managing Director, Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences Practice
with Stan Lepeak, Managing Director, Global Research

Trends in the life sciences and pharma research and development  outsourcing (RDO)

The complete report is available at http://goo.gl/MgVBu

Oracle Business Intelligence Enteprise Edition (OBIEE) for Clinical Trial Management System (CTMS)

Oracle Siebel CRM is the base application behind Oracle’s Siebel CTMS.

Prepackaged OBIEE Applications does not have a module for Clinical Analytics and so there is a need to develop a complete custom OBI application in order to accomplish the requirements. This was untill Oracle has introduced Oracle Clinical Development Analytics (CDA) which is based on OBIEE+

Oracle CDA includes prebuilt data models, prebuilt Extract-Transform-Load programs sourcing from Oracle Clinical / Remote Data Capture and Oracle’s Siebel Clinical Trial Management System

Business Intelligence can be deployed in several Core functions

  • Protocol Design and Study Start-Up
  • Patient and Investigator Recruitment
  • Clinical Trial Management
  • Clinical Data Management
  • Data Analysis
  • Clinical Supplies
  • Regulatory and Safety

Nonclinical Use of  Business Intelligence in Clinical Trial
There are a number of ways in which business intelligence as a technology platform can be used to support the pharmaceutical value chain. There is ample evidence to show how business intelligence has been used successfully in a number of areas including:

  • Sales and Marketing
  • Manufacturing
  • Finance
  • Human Resources
  • Information Services
  • Executive and Portfolio Management

Clinical Use  of  Business Intelligence in Clinical Trial
Within clinical research, the strongest use of technology is in pre-clinical research, clinical, statistical programming and supporting other groups such as:

  • Data management (patient profiles)
  • Medical writing
  • Finance
  • Project management
  • Patient registries and post-marketing surveillance

 

Without CDA an OBIEE architect needs to understand CRM data model and also the actual business process flow of a CTMS application.It is observed that usually there is a customization to an extent of 25% on the CRM application.

Original Old Article on OBIEE for CTMS which was the only Business Intelligence solutions for Clinical trial management before Oracle announced CDA is Available at http://www.obieetalk.com

Requirements gathering sessions must be interactive with group of SME’s, Team of members from business, project sponsors to mitigate any risk of
slipping the time lines. It is recommended to plan for regular client reviews and approvals of every build to avoid any gaps in the expectations by the client .

At a high level the reporting requirements may include tracking budget and finance, clinical trials, activities, investigators,Initiations, enrollments, expiration’s, terminations. Cross dimensional hierarchies from Program to Protocol to Site to Subject is commonly desired.

Major dimension tables specific to CTMS includes Program, Protocol,Site,Subject, application, Investigator. Other common dimensions include Accounts, Contacts, Activities, Time, Geography,product, etc.

Here is a screen shot of a sample rpd for CTMS

Microsoft in Clinical Trials Management System (CTMS) and Electronic Data Capture (EDC)

one of the very few interesting article by Microsoft Engineers on Clinical Research Industry. Certainly interesting as it is written by none other than      Les Jordan-CTO, Life Sciences Industry Unit at Microsoft . Microsoft and IBM had much longer and deepr association with Lifescience/Healthcare/Bioinformatics industry than Oracle.

But I love to see microsoft grow beyond Sharepoint for Clinical Research and the BioIT alliance. Also love to ask microsoft what is the current status of some of those applications mentioned in the blog by Les, Especially the Microsoft Clinical Trial Initiation solution

Original article from microsoft website

Interesting how weeks become months when you’re writing and updating blogs.  This CTMS project certainly hasn’t gone away, but it did go on a bit of a hiatus while my “day job” intervened.  Enough excuses.  Mea Culpa.  On to the fun!

As we discussed in the previous post, the key to a clinical trials management system is thinking of it in terms of a project – after all, the people who run the clinical trial think of it in terms of a project, and it is measured in project management terms, so why not treat it that way from an architectural point of view?

A second and equally important “requirement” is one that we are increasingly seeing as an industry trend: having EDC (Electronic Data Capture) functionality and CTMS (Clinical Trials Management System) functionality in the same system, or at the very least having EDC and CTMS closely integrate and interoperate.

The clinical trials world of today is fairly fractured.  Think of all the different systems – often standalone systems – that are used by Life Science organizations:

  • EDC – Electronic Data Capture
  • CTMS – Clinical Trials Management Systems
  • CLIP – Clinical Investigator Portals
  • Project – Clinical Trials Project Management
  • Analysis – OK, it’s SAS, but how do you get the data there?  What about real-time analytics?
  • IRB & DSMB – Outside organizations with their own management systems, like a Click Commerce Research Compliance Automation solution?

What if you could have a system that gets close to doing all of that – or at least being able to manage all of it – through one interface?  How much would that save in training costs, integration costs, and implementation costs?

Well – that’s the vision.  Here’s how we pull it off:

  1. Start with Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007 and SQL Server 2008 as the foundation to build upon.
  2. As discussed in the last post, we’ll use Microsoft Office Project Server as a way to organize the information and provide us with a trial specific taxonomy, along with roll-up of reporting metrics.
  3. To cover the EDC aspects, we’ll utilize Microsoft Office Forms Server 2007 – which is a web facing InfoPath solution – to handle data entry and front-ending the workflow for data checks, etc.

EDC forms in Forms Server can even handle digital signatures (with compliance and security being the subject of a future post) inside the InfoPath forms.  This has implications for those organizations that are involved with SAFE BioPharma (worth checking out).

The beauty of all of this is that it is all Web Service enabled, which means that you have easier integration mechanisms with existing analysis and EDC systems:

  • SAS – With integration with .NET, SOAP, and Web Services.
  • Medidata – We’ve demonstrated use of their Web Services API module that utilizes CDISC.
  • Perceptive Informatics – At the DIA annual meeting a couple years ago, we did a demonstration using DataLabs (now Perceptive) and InfoPath integration, using Web Services and about 5 lines of code!
  • EHR/EMR Integration – While it is still on the horizon, I think it is getting closer.  Check it out.

Resources to get you started:

Finally – there are other organizations and software vendors that are thinking along these lines.  Check out the following solutions:

Next up in this series:

  • Using MOSS templates for maintaining Part 11 compliance
  • Extranets & Identity Management
  • Architecture Diagrams & Screen shots
  • Validation and compliance

Scott Stern Kellogg School of Management speaks about “New Drug Development: From Laboratory to Blockbuster to Generic,”

Scott Stern, Associate Professor, Kellogg School of Management, speaks on the topic of, “New Drug Development: From Laboratory to Blockbuster to Generic,” at the Judicial Symposium on The Pharmaceutical Industry: Economics, Regulation, and Legal Issues, hosted by the Northwestern Law Judicial Education Program

SalesForce.com partner introduces CRM for clinical trial management on Force Platform

Had an interesting chat with the CEO of the US based IT service provider for clinical research industry in June. Apparently the company a SalesForce.com partner introduces new CTMS application in India. Just came to know that they are going commercial this month. The applications is aimed at clinical trial management, Study site management and Patient Recruitment in the clinical research industry . Aimed at CROs, Hospitals, University Research centers and clinical trial Study Sites.

The application is based on Force platform by SalesForce and already have few Indian Organization using it for several months. The product will be offered in SaaS/Hosted/Cloud versions, which will render affordable TCO and higher ROI with less or no Capital investmental.

Health Council of Canada says some prescription drugs approved for use in Canada may be less safe than consumers think, due to poor Pharmacovigilance/Post Market Surveillance rules

Canada’s Food and Drugs Act relies on drug companies to submit adverse reaction reports, which drug users submit if they suspect they are experiencing negative side effects. Drug users also can submit the reports directly to Health Canada, but it still leaves the government to rely on outside parties to report problems.

In 2009, Health Canada received 27,496 adverse reaction reports — a number that has increased steadily over time. Health Canada needs the power to require pharmaceutical companies to conduct more post-market monitoring and to share the results, Abbott said. The council also would like to see the federal government hold the power to impose penalties for companies that do not comply.

Health Canada is already modernizing its regulations to allow for stronger monitoring after the drug goes to market. The government also has established a Drug Safety and Effectiveness Network to study the safety of drugs in the market.

The Canadian pharmaceutical industry welcomes modernized regulation, said Mark Ferdinand, vice-president of police research and analysis for RX&D, the pharmaceutical industry association in Canada.

However, Ferdinand said consumers should recognize that there is already a formal, rigorous post-market reporting system in place.

“No one has any interest in seeing a drug used inappropriately in the real world. A lot of people have invested a lot of time, effort, certainly money … to ensure what they are producing and what they are providing to patients is safe and effective,” he said.

Ferdinand said drug safety often depends on the way medicine is prescribed. He said it has to be “the right medication, for the right person, at the right time.”


Indian Goverment’s Department of Science and Technology launches enhanced clinical research units in colleges

The Department of Science and Technology (DST) will set up enhanced clinical research units in select colleges across India ,

Delivering the valedictory address at the International Conference on Radiation Biology hosted by Sri Ramachandra University, DST Secretary  T. Ramasami said the idea behind the joint inter-agency initiative that also involved the Indian Council of Medical Research and the Department of Biotechnology would upgrade facilities at about a dozen colleges in which medical research is already being pursued.

The DST Secretary  T. Ramasami pointed out that there were only 1.40 lakh scientists engaged in full-time research in a country that had a legacy of Ayurveda, yoga, astronomy and astrophysics.

S. P. Thyagarajan, Pro-Chancellor, SRU, said the Memorandum of Understanding between SRU and the Sylvester Cancer Center, Miami, U.S., that was one of the outcomes of the conference, envisaged collaboration in education, training, research and exchange of faculty and students.

 

Chinese drug discovery market predicted to grow 23% per annum

China’s health and medical industry is advancing rapdily within genomics, combinatorial chemistry and high-throughput screening, China has been recognised as an important location to which drug discovery is being outsourced.

The Chinese drug discovery market reached US$315.0 million in 2009 and is predicted to expand at a compound annual growth rate of 23% from 2009 to 2016.

China has opportunities for scientific expertise and complete infrastructure, which are important for drug discovery activities. Separate from India, China is also viewed as a profitable market, this will assist pharmaceutical companies improve drug finding at a reasonable cost.

 

personalized medicine might be making drug development more complicated

According to a new report from the Tufts Center for the Study of Drug Development at Tufts University 12 to 50 percent of the drugs companies are developing, depending on the company, involved a personalized medicine approach.

The Tufts report is based on a survey of 25 companies, large and small, to which 16 companies responded, as well as interviews with representatives of 13 companies.

Relatively few drugs are now accompanied by such so-called companion diagnostic tests. They are most common in oncology. The breast cancer drug Herceptin, for instance, is given only to women whose tumors have an abundance of a protein called Her2.

According to the report Other key therapeutic areas in which personalized medicine is making headway include cardiovascular, central nervous system, and immunologic therapies, whereas personalized medicine development is just getting started for metabolic and respiratory therapies, as well as virology.

 

UK’s Medical Research Council grants Clinical Research consortium $6.4 million to develop chips & software to use mobile phones/PCs as testing devices for sexually transmitted disease (STD)

UK’s Medical Research Council grants a Clinical Research consortium $6.4 million to develop chips & software to use mobile phones/PCs as testing devices for sexually transmitted disease (STD)

If successful individuals will drop their blood, urine or saliva on a mobile chip, which they then insert into a mobile phone or PC. Software on the phone or PC then delivers a diagnosis, schedules a clinic appointment or sends an electronic prescription to a pharmacy. Consumers will be able to purchase the chips in vending machines or at a local pharmacy

Insurance coverage for healthcare IT software, to protect healthcare IT companies from damages inflicted by their software

Ah. well they should be protected, with the number of physicians unhappy with the Healthcare IT systems rising. We ll thank goodness patients will also get third party coverage if the software errs.

Chubb Group of Insurance Companies has established the “Healthcare Information Technology” liability insurance to protect Healthcare IT companies.

Over 1,000 companies supply information technology products and services to the healthcare and medical research industries in the US and Canada would be happy to hear that

An integrated liability solution from Chubb can help protect healthcare information technology companies from:

  • general and products liability when software or hardware that is defective or contains inaccurate or incomplete information causes or contributes to patient injuries;
  • errors and omission liability when a product defect or service deficiency results in economic injury to a customer;
  • third-party liability to patients, healthcare providers and others associated with database security breaches; and
  • costs incurred to comply with state, federal

Chubb is targeting Healthcare Information Technology Companies providing any of the following services

  • Electronic health record system providers
  • Clinical decision support system providers
  • Telehealth and health information exchanges
  • Practice management system providers
  • Payor system providers
  • Drug discovery firms
  • Clinical informatics firms
  • Healthcare systems consulting firms

 

How useful would be the Single-patient clinical trials for improving the hopes of Personalized medicine

Single patient Clinical Trial are not new idea, FDA did not focus since such trial canot prove the efficacy and safety of medicine over a large pool of patient with sufficient data. But I was forced to re-think after reading the article http://www.technologyreview.in/biomedicine/12537/ why cant we use the the concept mentioned in to overcome the ethical and other challenges in current mode of trials.

So I decided to ask the question to the linkedin audience http://www.linkedin.com/answers/technology/biotech/TCH_BIO/667022-9262868?browseIdx=0&sik=1272969161323&goback=.amq

GSK, MedTrust launch iPhone/iPad app for cancer trials

GlaxoSmithKline has teamed up with MedTrust Online,  provider of specialist data and technology to oncologists, to launch CancerTrialsApp, described as “the first free geo locating cancer clinical trials application” for the Apple iPhone and iPad.

The application enables cancer doctors to find and share with their patients information about experimental therapies in clinical trials

India looses USD 1 Billion Investment in Drug R&D to China due to lax Indian patent laws-

Did I really read the news correct or was I just plain drunk on a weekend while reading it. Turns out it is true. Just a week after the Novartis CEO has blasted the Indian IP laws, Novartis has announced plans to invest 1 Billion US Dollar in China for Drug Discovery and Developement. The plan calls for hundreds of new hires and new research facilities in Changshu.

Novartis is  waging a high-stakes court fight over patent protection for the cancer blockbuster Gleevec, No wonder the Novartis CEO Daniel Vasella had enough and announced that the subcontinent’s reputation as a low-cost R&D center is losing its luster.

In 2006, Novartis made a commitment to build a $125 million R&D facility in Hyderabad. The next year, after the company lost a patent battle over its blockbuster cancer drug, Gleevec (
I thought China also didnt had a great IP law to speak of. How many times we saw news stories about fake chinesse counterbrands.
But here is the upside , the chineese dont challenge the patents in Courts. China is behind India in pharmaceutical chemistry, so they are not so keen in spending time to another way to manfacture the drug. But China is way ahead of India in Medicinal Chemistry,  pre-clinical and toxicological study infrstructre. SFDA the Chineese equivalent of FDA, is taking a lot bold steps and investment to ensure fast trial registration, proper Pharmacovigilance reporting etc. net net it is faster to run R&D in China
India is yet to have solid infrastructre or plans for clinical trial monitoring or pharmacovigialance . The WHO fund for a national pharmacovigilance monitoring policy and infrastructre has already elasped in 2008. And we are yet to see any increase in number of adverse events reported in India .
India will make similar progress, he opined, when Indian pharmaceutical companies have more IP they want to protect. Then, the companies will force the government to act and increase IP protection.
Pfizer announced it would close six out of its 20 R&D facilities around the globe as part of its post-Wyeth-acquisition consolidation but the company’s Shanghai R&D operation is not affected – an implicit endorsement of China’s R&D.
Ok we Indians will wait till then , and just pray that the Red Dragon is not going to burn the Indian the pharma industry till that time
%d bloggers like this: